|mukilyzb||Дата: Понедельник, 21 Сентябрь 2015, 18:50 | Сообщение # 1|
|How is hepatitis C transmitted? |
Hepatitis C virus - an infection of the liver that occurs predominantly in young and middle-aged people around the world.
Medical statistics show that hepatitis C in adults every year is becoming more common. Today, the carriers of the virus are millions of people. 80% of all patients suffer from a chronic form of the Hepatitis C disease.
The disease is further complicated by the fact that there is no vaccine against it, so, the only way to prevent infection is competent prevention.
Can I get hepatitis C from relatives or other people? The disease is not transmitted by household contact through airborne droplets. The only way of transmission - through the blood with the body fluids, so the carrier of the virus is not dangerous for you if his body fluids have no contact with your blood.
How is hepatitis C transmitted?
The source of the disease can be only an infected person, regardless of whether he is a carrier of the virus or sick. Ways of hepatitis C transmission are almost always associated with invasive procedures. The disease can be transmitted in the following way:
- Drug abuse, drug intravenous administering using reusable syringes
- Implementation of tattoos and body piercing by unfair masters, which poorly sterilize their equipment and do not use disposable needles
- blood donation and medical procedures made with violation of sanitary norms
- The use of other people's razors, manicure and pedicure instruments, scissors, toothbrushes
- Transfusion of the blood that has not been fully tested for the presence of hepatitis C virus- Promiscuous sexual relations, unprotected sex
- "Vertical" transmission from mother to child during childbirth. Occasionally infection occurs during the passage of the baby through the birth canal, it should be noted that in this case the risk of infection is very low. In women with hepatitis C, most children born healthy.
As mentioned above, the Hepatitis C is not transmitted through everyday household contacts, handshakes, can be used the common utensils and towels, but should not be used common personal hygiene items (as razors, nail clippers, toothbrushes). The mechanism of transmission of the disease is only hematogenous.
Who is at risk?
- Drug dependent
- Medical workers
- Hemodialysis Patients
- Patients after organ transplantation
- People who are prone to disordered sexual intercourse or are living with an infected partner
If a person belongs to a group of risk, it is recommended to undergo periodic examinations and visits to the doctor, at least once a year to pass a blood test for hepatitis C.
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